Valor de corte del cociente proteinuria/creatininuria predictor de proteinuria = 150 mg/24 h en una muestra de estudiantes argentinos. Utilidad de su aplicación para categorización de la proteinuria

Cecilia María Brissón, Verónica Cuestas, Priscila Prono-Minella, Susana https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5318-6844 Denner, Verónica Fernández, Rosina Bonifacino-Belzarena, Silvia Marsili, María Eugenia Brissón

Resumen


Introducción: la proteinuria es marcador clásico de daño renal. La organización Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) categoriza en 2012 la proteinuria de 24 h (PER) como mg/24 h o la relación proteinuria/creatininuria en muestra aislada (PCR) como mg/g así: A1, normal-levemente aumentada (<150); A2, moderadamente aumentada (150-500), y A3, severamente aumentada (>500). La PER es el gold standard y la PCR fue incorporada para evitar recolección de 24 h, pero la equivalencia numérica entre ambas es controvertida. El valor 150 mg/24 h tiene relevancia diagnóstica/pronóstica en enfermedad renal crónica.

Objetivos: determinar, en una muestra de estudiantes argentinos, la correlación de PCR en primera orina matutina con PER, el valor de corte (VdC) de PCR predictor de PER=150 mg/24 h y la concordancia entre ambas metodologías para la categorización A según valores de PCR de la clasificación KDIGO 2012 y del VdC hallado.

Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo, analítico y transversal realizado en una muestra de 51 estudiantes. Determinaciones en orina de 24 h y en la primera matutina. Proteínas: método rojo de pirogalol molibdato; creatinina: Jaffé cinético. Correlación: coeficiente de Spearman; concordancia: Bland-Altman y kappa. VdC: análisis ROC (receiver operating curve). Programas: Excel yMedcalc. IC95 %, p<0,05.

Resultados: proteinuria (mediana/rango intercuartil), PER (mg/24 h): 106,00/83,64-137,82; PCR (mg/g): 58,00/50,50-87,00; p=0,025; coeficiente Spearman: 0,5540; Bland-Altman media de las diferencias (PER-PCR): 31,4. ABC=0,883 (IC95%: 0,762-0,956); VdC=82 mg/g; S=90 %; E=82,9 %; RP+=5,27; RP-=0,12. Concordancia en categorización A: kappa empleando PCR 150 mg/g: 0,106 (IC95%: -0,134-
0,347), pobre-leve; kappa empleando VdC hallado: 0,4568 (IC95%: 0,2063-0,6505), leve-considerable.

Conclusiones: la concordancia en categorización A mejora al utilizar el VdC. Destaca la importancia de no usar como equivalentes PCR=150 mg/g y PER=150 mg/24 h para diferenciar proteinuria normal de aumentada, sino la necesidad de establecer en cada laboratorio los VdC correspondientes.


Palabras clave


Proteinuria, clasificación, diagnóstico, enfermedad renal crónica, técnicas de laboratorio clínico, creatinina, orina

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DOI: 10.22265/acnef.0.0.309

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