Manifestaciones gastrointestinales de la enfermedad renal crónica

  • Mario Santacoloma Osorio Médico especialista en medicina interna y gastroenterología (Universidad de Caldas; Universidad de París VII). Profesor asociado de la Universidad de Caldas, Colombia
  • Germán Camilo Giraldo
Palabras clave: enfermedades gastrointestinales, tracto gastrointestinal, insuficiencia renal crónica, signos y síntomas digestivos, evaluación de síntomas, uremia.

Resumen

Introducción: existe una amplia variedad de manifestaciones clínicas gastrointestinales que pueden aumentar el deterioro de la calidad de vida en los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC), que son manejables si se detectan adecuadamente.

Objetivo: el objetivo de este trabajo es realizar una actualización y revisión analítica de la literatura sobre las manifestaciones en el tracto digestivo de pacientes con deterioro crónico de la función renal.

Resultados: los resultados indican que algunos de los signos y síntomas sobre el tracto gastrointestinal de los pacientes con ERC son individuales, y predominan los síntomas inespecíficos como la anorexia, las náuseas y el vómito, los cuales pueden controlarse con una adecuada terapia de reemplazo renal; mientras que otros, más raros, como la ascitis asociada a la diálisis, empobrece el pronóstico e ilustra la necesidad de trasplante.

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Biografía del autor/a

Germán Camilo Giraldo

Médico general (Universidad de Manizales). Residente de medicina interna de la Universidad de Caldas, Colombia

Citas

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Sección
Artículo de investigación original