Spanish home hemodialysis experience
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Keywords

Home hemodialysis
Spain
technical survival
uremic toxins.

How to Cite

1.
Pérez Alba A, Reque Santiváñez J, Vázquez Gómez M, Pons Prades R. Spanish home hemodialysis experience. Rev. Colomb. Nefrol. [Internet]. 2018 Aug. 9 [cited 2021 Dec. 7];5(2):127-36. Available from: https://www.revistanefrologia.org/index.php/rcn/article/view/307

Abstract

Background: There is currently a growing interest, worldwide, for the possibilities offered by home hemodialysis, which is more widespread in northern European countries, Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia and New Zealand. In Spain, it has grown very slowly, except in certain regions such as the province of Castellón, where we have placed special interest in the expansion of home dialysis techniques.

Objective: To describe the experience in the Home Hemodialysis program of the Hospital General de Castellón.

Methodology: Descriptive study of the patients included in the home hemodialysis program of the Hospital General de Castellón, from its beginning in January 2008 to December 2017.


Results: As a whole, we trained 41 patients, of whom 36 came to hemodialysis at home (short-day regimen). Age 58,3±13,4 years, Charlson index 4,1±1,6, 62 % men, 25,6 % with diabetes mellitus, 15,4 % with diagnosis of heart failure, 32 % with hemodialysis fistula, 38,5 % of working-age patients were active. We obtained a technical survival considering the event death+technical failure, censoring transplant of 79,4 % a year, 75,2 % at 2 years and 42,1 % at 5 years, resulting determinants of the event in the univariate
analysis: age, presence of diabetes mellitus and presence of heart failure, and only heart failure in the multivariate. The weekly reductions of phosphorus and beta-2-microglobulin were significantly greater with daily short hemodialysis with respect to on-line haemodiafiltration. Being the on-line hemodiafiltration superior in the weekly reduction from the 17800 daltons of myoglobin.

Conclusions: Home hemodialysis is a possible technique that offers the patient an adequate social-labor reintegration with good levels of weekly reduction of uraemic toxins and an acceptable technical survival over time.

https://doi.org/10.22265/acnef.0.0.307
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References

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